Jan 19
Battle of Mill Springs, Kentucky

Feb 18
First session, First Confederate Congress convenes

Feb 21
Battle of Valverde, New Mexico)

Feb 22
Jefferson Davis inuagurated as regular President

Feb 28
Earliest use of CS4

Mar 6-8
Battle of Pea Ridge (Arkansas)

Mar 9
Monitor vs Virginia at Hampton Roads

Mar 10
Earliest use of CS5

Mar 21
Earliest use of CS3

Mar 28
Battle of Glorieta, New Mexico

Apr 6-7
Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee

Apr 16
Earliest use of CS6

Apr 17
Congress authorizes Fourth Issue of CSA notes

Apr 21
First Session, First Confederate Congress adjourns

Apr 25
New Orleans falls to Union

May 10
Norfolk, Virginia occupied by Union

May 30
Corinth, Mississippi taken by Union

June 2
Fourth Issue of Notes issued

June 25
Battle of the Seven Days starts

July 1
Letter rate increased to 10 cents

Battle of the Seven Days ends

July 25
Earliest use of Patterson CS2

August 15
Earliest use CS7

August 18
Second Session, First CSA Congress, convenes

August 28
Battle of Second Bull Run, Virginia

September 17
Battle of Antietam, Maryland

September 22
Emancipation Proclamation issued

October 13
Fifth issue of CSA Notes authorized
Second Session, Second Confederate Congress adjourns

December 2
Fifth Issue of notes issued

December 13
Battle of Fredrickburg, Virginia

Confederate Stamps -- 1862

Provisionals      1861     1863     1864

Lithographed Issues

In 1862 new 2 cent stamps were issued for the "drop" rate. These were issued in green, as the color of the 5 cent stamps was changed to blue (as the effects of the Blockade began to be felt, this color was easier to obtain in the South, and the 5 cent stamp was much more common than the 2 cent). This in turn meant that the color of the 10 cent stamp was changed to rose. These were the last of the lithographed stamps, as typographed stamps printed in England were delivered to the Confederate States in April, 1862.

Lithographed in blue by Hoyer & Ludwig on white wove paper. Colors range from light to dark blue to indigo. Earliest use February 28, 1862.

CS4 Five cents
Jefferson Davis

CS5 Ten cents
Thomas Jefferson
Lithographed by Hoyer & Ludwig in rose or carmine on white wove paper. The same transfer stone used for the printings of the 10 cent blue was used for the rose stamps. Earliest use March 10, 1862.
Image of Andrew Jackson of Tennessee, 7th President of the United States. As the other lithographed stamps of 1862, these were produced by Hoyer & Ludwig. Earliest use was March 21, 1862.

CS3 Two cents
Andrew Jackson

Typographed Issues

While the lithographed stamps were being prepared, in October, 1861 the Confederacy sent Major B.F. Ficklin to England to purchase supplies for the army and navy, and contract for various supplies need by the Post Office Department, including engraved plates for the production of stamps, as well as a printed supply of stamps which would meet needs until printings could be made locally from the imported plates.

An agreement was reached with Thomas De la Rue & Co. Ltd. in London for typographed stamps and plates. The first shipment was carried by the blockade runner Bermuda, which was captured by the USS Mercidita. The De La Rue company was ordered to make a second lot of stamps and to supply duplicate plates. This second shipment was placed abroad a ship which successfully evaded the blockade, and landed its cargo in Wilmington, North Carolina in April, 1862.

CS6 Five cents
Jefferson Davis
Image of Jefferson Davis. Typographed in blue by Thomas De La Rue & Co. Ltd, London, England. The engraving of Jefferson Davis was by F. Joubert. Earliest use was April 16, 1862.

Using the De La Rue plates brought through the blockade, more five cent stamps were typographed in by Archer & Daly, Richmond. Two kinds of paper were used. a thin glazed paper imported from England, and an inferior coarse paper of local manufacture. John Archer was an engraver from the North who entered into a partnership for the production of stamps, and some Confederate currency. Earliest use August 15, 1862.

Due to the increase in the letter rate to 10 cents for all distances on July 1, 1862, used pairs are common.

CS7 Pair cancelled August 18, 1862 in Richmond, Virginia. This is an adversity cover, manufacturered from an unused Richmond bank check, because of the shortage of paper.

The Unissued Typographical Designs

CS14 One cent
John C. Calhoun
Image of Senator John C. Calhoun of South Carolina. Typographed in orange by Thomas De La Rue & Co. Ltd, London, England. Due to the increase in the drop rate to 2 cents this stamp was never issued.
When the letter rate was changed from five to ten cents in July, 1862, the CSA Post Office sent an order to Thomas De La Rue & Co. to prepare printing plates for two cent and ten cent stamps. The existing one and five cent designs were altered. The two new plates were shipped to Richmond, but were never used. Some private printings from the plates have been made.

PP1 Two cents
John C. Calhoun

PP2 Ten cents
Jefferson Davis

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