1863

Jan 1
Emancipation Proclamation takes effect




Jan 12
Third Session, First Confederate Congress, convenes




Jan 31
Blockade of Charleston, South Carolina disrupted




Mar 23
Congress authorizes Sixth issue of CSA notes





Apr 2
Bread riot in Richmond





Sixth issue of notes issued







Apr 19
Earliest use of CS10
















Apr 21
Earliest use of CS8 and CS11AD
















Apr 23
Earliest use of CS9






Apr 24
Confederate Congress passes new tax law









May 1
Earliest use of CS12AD
Third Session, First Confederate Congress adjourns






May 10
Death of "Stonewall" Jackson




May 18
Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi begins









June 1
Earliest use of CS13

June 7
French occupy Mexico City




July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

July 4
Vicksburg surrenders to the Union







September 19-20
Battle of Chickamauga, Georgia



Sept-Nov
Setbacks for Jefferson Davis in Confederate congressional elections


November 23-25
Battle of Chattanooga, Tennessee




December 7
Fourth Session, First Confederate Congress, convenes



Confederate Currency -- Sixth Issue April 6, 1863

First   Second   Third   Fourth   Fifth   Seventh

In spite of the desire of the government to issue more bonds and reduce paper money circulation, people continued to demand more currency, which resulted in further inflation. The Act of March 23, 1863 authorized the $5 to $100 notes could be issued in amounts not exceeding $50,000,000 monthly, plus a total of $15,000,000 altogether for the 50 cent, $1 and $2 notes.

Engraved by Archer & Daly

Archer & Daly of Richmond was formed for making Confederate postage stamps, and were the prime producers of the 1863 isses. The 50 cent note of this issue and the next were the only paper money made by the firm, and the only Confederate fractional currency.



50 cents -- T63 -- Profile of Jefferson Davis. Similar to the bust on the CS 9, CS10, CS11, and CS12 stamps produced by the firm. 1,831,517 issued.


Engraved by Keatinge & Ball

All of the other denominations were engraved by Keatinge & Ball. Other firms helping with the printing: B. Duncan $10; J.P. Paterson & Co., $5, $10 and $20; Evans & Cogswell, $1, $2, $5, $10 and $20.


$1 -- T62 -- Bust of Clement C. Clay, Confederate Senator. 1,645,800 notes issued.


$2 -- T61 -- Large "2" in center, bust of Judah P. Banjamin at right. 689,600 notes issued.


$5 -- T60 -- Capital of the Confederate States (Virgina State Capitol) in center. Bust of Treasury Secretary Christopher Memminger at right. 7,745,600 notes issued.


$10 -- T59 -- South Carolina State Capitol, Columbia. Bust of War Secretary Robert T. Hunter at right. 7,420,800 notes issued.


$20 -- T58 -- Tennesse State Capitol, Nashville. Bust of Vice President Alexander Stephens at right. 4,428,000 notes issued.



$50 -- T57 -- Bust of Jefferson Davis. 2,324,000 notes issued.



$100 -- T56 -- "Women of the South" represented by Lucy H. Pickens. Two soldiers at lower left, bust of cabinet member George Randolph at right. 1,931,600 notes issued.

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