1860

Nov 6
Lincoln elected

Dec 20
South Carolina secedes

1861

Jan 9
Mississippi secedes

Jan 10
Florida secedes

Jan 11
Alabama secedes

Jan 19
Georgia secedes

Jan 26
Louisiana secedes

Feb 4
Provisional Confederate Congress convenes

Feb 9
Jefferson Davis elected provisional President

Feb 18
Jefferson Davis inuagurated

Feb 21
CSA Post Office instituted

Feb 23
Texas voters approve secession


Mar 4
Lincoln inaugurated

Mar 9
First Issue of CSA Notes authorized

Apr 12
Bombardment of Fort Sumter begins

Apr 17
Virginia secedes


May 6
Arkansas secedes


May 20
North Carolina secedes

May 24
CSA Congress votes to move capital to Richmond


June 1
Mints officially close

North-South mail ceases

June 8
Tennessee voters approve secession



July 16
CSA Capital moves to Richmond

July 21
Battle of First Bull Run



The Confederate Cent

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In 1861 an official of the Confederate States of America contacted the jewelry firm of Bailey & Co and requested a die cutter who could make a C.S.A. cent. Robert Lovett, Jr. was selected. To make the cent he used the head of Minerva, which he had used on an earlier one cent sized token from 1860, and employed a wreath of distinctive Southern agricultural products, including a bale of cotton at the bottom. Lovett struck twelve coins with his dies, employing the then current Union alloy of copper and nickel used on Indian cents.

Fearing prosecution for aiding the enemy, he stopped his work and hid everything.

  
Confederate Cent Restrike

In 1873 or 1874 Captain John W. Hazeltine and his associate J. Colvin Randall learned of the coins and dies, and procured them. Seven gold, twelve silver, and 55 copper restrikes were made, with the dies breaking on the 55th copper strike. No copper nickel restrikes were made to preserve the integrity of the original dozen coined by Lovett. The dies were then defaced.

    
Confederate Cent Restrike of Defaced die

In 1961 Robert Bashlow, a New York entrepreneur, took the rusted and broken dies and had copies made in silver, goldine, and bronze. The dies were then donated to the Smithsoian Institute where they reside today.

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