1860

Nov 6
Lincoln elected

Dec 20
South Carolina secedes

1861

Jan 9
Mississippi secedes

Jan 10
Florida secedes

Jan 11
Alabama secedes

Jan 19
Georgia secedes

Jan 26
Louisiana secedes

Feb 4
Provisional Confederate Congress convenes

Feb 9
Jefferson Davis elected provisional President

Feb 18
Jefferson Davis inuagurated

Feb 21
CSA Post Office instituted

Feb 23
Texas voters approve secession


Mar 4
Lincoln inaugurated

Mar 9
First Issue of CSA Notes authorized

Apr 12
Bombardment of Fort Sumter begins

Apr 17
Virginia secedes




May 6
Arkansas secedes




May 20
North Carolina secedes

May 24
CSA Congress votes to move capital to Richmond






June 1
Mints officially close

North-South mail ceases

June 8
Tennessee voters approve secession



July 16
CSA Capital moves to Richmond


July 21
Battle of First Bull Run











August 3
CSA Congress authorizes additional $1,000,000 in notes








August 10
Battle of Wilson's Creek






August 19
Third issue of CSA notes authorized













August 27-28
Forts Clark and Hatteras, North Carolina taken by Union forces

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Confederate Coins

Dahlonega   Charlotte   Cent   Essays  

Because of the gold rush in North Carolina and Georgia in the 1830's the US Congress passed a bill in 1835 creating branch mints at New Orleans, Louisiana; Charlotte, North Carolina; and Dahlonega, Georgia. As these states seceeded in 1861, the mints were turned over the Confederacy.

Some coins were produced under Confederate control: half dollars and double eagles from New Orleans, gold dollars and half eagles from Dahlonega, and half eagles from Charlotte.

New Orleans Mint
New Orleans Mint

According to one source the South used the New Orleans Mint to produce more than $500,000 in gold and silver U.S. coins.

  
1861-O Half Dollar

In April, 1861 Confederate Secretary of the Treasury Memminger ordered that designs for CSA half dollars be submitted for approval. It was found for some reason the dies at the New Orleans Mint could not be fitted to the regular coining press, so it was necessary to use the old hand screw press, upon which four coins were struck. About this time an order came from the secretary suspending operations on account of the difficulty of obtaining bullion, and the mint was closed on April 30, 1861. On May 14 the Confederate Congress voted to close all three mints effective June 1, 1861.

Only two Confederate half dollars are known to survive, and are worth around one million dollars each.


Confederate Half Dollar
(Replica)


After the closure of the mints, it became difficult to make change in the Confederacy. In 1863 the first 50 cent note was issued, and another was issued in 1864.
Several states also issued fractional currency, which growing more and more worthless as inflation soared, became known as "shinplasters".

Also in 1863 the Confederate Post Office released a 20 cent stamp. There was little postal use for such a stamp, and its primary function was to circulate as fractional small change.

Although the mints had ceased production, the desire to establish some sort of Southern metallic currency never died out. An alternative to coinage that was discussed was a copper token coinage. The New Orleans Mint Superintendent, William A. Elmore told Treasury Secretary Memminger that dies could be ordered at an average cost of one hundred dollars to strike copper tokens in denominations of one, five, and twenty-five cents. But both houses of the Confederate Congress did not approve the bill, and after October 13, 1862, they never again attempted to establish a system of token coinage.

The Confederate Congress dealt with the problem instead by making U.S. silver coins legal tender up to 10 dollars, along with English sovereigns, French napoleons, and Spanish and Mexican doubloons.


20 Franc Napoleon

1863 Sovereign

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