1860

Nov 6
Lincoln elected

Dec 20
South Carolina secedes

1861

Jan 9
Mississippi secedes

Jan 10
Florida secedes

Jan 11
Alabama secedes

Jan 19
Georgia secedes

Jan 26
Louisiana secedes

Feb 4
Provisional Confederate Congress convenes

Feb 9
Jefferson Davis elected provisional President

Feb 18
Jefferson Davis inuagurated

Feb 21
CSA Post Office instituted

Feb 23
Texas voters approve secession

Mar 4
Lincoln inaugurated

Mar 9
First Issue of CSA Notes authorized

Apr 12
Bombardment of Fort Sumter begins

Apr 15
Lincoln calls for troops

Apr 17
Virginia secedes

May 6
Arkansas secedes May 14
England recognizs Confederate belligerency

May 20
North Carolina secedes

May 24
CSA Congress votes to move capital to Richmond

June 1
Mints officially close
North-South mail ceases

June 8
Tennessee voters approve secession

July 16
CSA Capital moves to Richmond

July 21
Battle of First Bull Run

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Stamps, Currency and Coins
of the
Confederate States of America
1861-1865

This site is an attempt to describe the stamps, coins, and currency of a nation that existed less than four years, but whose existence has had a profound influence on America.

After secession, the new Confederate States of America drafted a Constitution and elected Jefferson Davis of Mississippi President. The new country needed its own currency, and it needed a postal system.

The three US Mints at Dahlonega, Georgia; New Orleans, Louisiana; and Charlotte, North Carolina were turned over the Confederacy. They produced some 1861 coins before running out of bullion. There were plans for Confederate half dollars and one cent coins, but they were abandoned.

Faced with paying for the war, the Confederacy turned to printing paper money. Some 1.7 billion dollars in southern "bluebacks" were issued, and rapidly dropped in value. Worth 95 cents on the dollar when first issued, Confederate currency dropped to 33 cents by 1863, and 1.6 cents by Appromattox (April 9, 1865). Currency was also issued by state and local governments, banks, merchants, and railroads, often in fractional denominations, to make up for the lack of coins.

The Confederate Post Office was instituted on February 21, 1861, and assumed reponsibility for postal service in the seceded states on June 1, 1861. Despite the tremendous problems it faced, the Post Office was the only government agency to pay for itself.

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